Located to the southeast of the province of Seville is the town of Osuna, occupying 4.22% of the area of the province.
In Osuna there are two very different regions, on the one hand there is the Campiña Sevillana with a flat landscape that occupies almost two thirds of the surface of Osuna and on the other hand you will find the Sierra Sur, composed of foothills of the Baetic System and where the olive grove predominates and the low mount.
The climate in Osuna is characterized by short autumns and springs. The maximum temperature is around 43 °C and the minimum is 3 °C.
The municipality of Osuna is border with other municipalities such as Écija, Estepa, Morón, Marchena, La Puebla de Cazalla, El Saucejo, Los Corrales and Martín de la Jara.
Osuna has its origin with the Turdetans who inhabited the town, then called Urso, about three thousand years ago.
During the years 44 and 43 B. C., Marco Antonio recast the town with veterans of the civil wars that occurred and giving Osuna the status of a colony of Roman citizens under the name of Colonia Genetiva Iulia. This was documented in an inscription that, incomplete, is in the National Archaeological Museum of Madrid.
With the Muslims in the Iberian Peninsula it received the name of Oxona, until it was reconquered by the armies of Fernando III in the year 1239 and was named Osuna, when in 1264 the Entrustment of Osuna was created by the Order of Calatrava. Its situation made it become a place of importance for the defense of the border line with the Nasrid kingdom of Granada. In the fifteenth century, the town of Osuna was delivered Pedro Téllez Girón, whose descendants were named Dukes of Osuna.
The greatest splendor of Osuna was in the 16th century with Juan Téllez Girón, who was responsible for building different buildings of importance in the town of Osuna, such as the University of Osuna or the Collegiate Church of Saint Mary of the Assumption.
Osuna has a wide cultural heritage which has served as a stage in the mythical series Game of Thrones. We will start by recommending the most characteristic religious buildings and in this way go through the different places to see in Osuna.
Collegiate Church of Saint Mary of the Assumption: It is one of the most important buildings in Osuna. It was built on the Castle Church and was inaugurated in 1535. Its exterior aspect is poor, with a certain form of strength, but inside it hides a rich heritage which stand out the Pantheon Chapel, the Sacristy Crypt, the Chapel of the Tabernacle, the Immaculate Chapel, the Chapel of Virgin of the Old, the Chapel Virgin of the Reyes, the Baptismal Chapel, the Saint Ana Chapel, the Virgin of the Victoria Altarpiece, the Chapel of Christ of the Misericordia, the Altarpiece of the burial of Christ, the Chapel of Virgin of Granada among many other places. This church has been one of the scenarios used by the highly successful series, Game of Thrones.
Monastery of the Incarnation: This is the old Osuna hospital that was transformed into a convent in the 18th century and is dedicated to the Virgin of the Merced. Inside is the Museum of Sacred Art. Of him it is possible to emphasize the greater altarpiece, where you will find the Christ of the Mercy and the Dolorosa.
Church of the Merced: It is an old convent in which a tower stands out which composes a fundamental monument of the town of Osuna. This tower was the work of Alonso Ruiz de Florindo and was built between 1767 and 1775.
Saint Catalina Church: This Osuna church was founded on May 8, 1558, the day before Juan Téllez Girón died. It is currently closed.
Church of Saint Agustín: This is a church with a baroque altarpiece where the image of the Christ of Vera Cruz and the Virgin of Expectation, which enjoy great popular devotion in Osuna, should be highlighted.
Church of Saint Clara: This is an old convent of Poor Clares in Osuna that is currently closed.
Victory Church: Construction of the 16th century and former Convent of Saint Francisco de Paula. It is the headquarters of several brotherhoods of Osuna that take center stage in Holy Week.
Parish of Our Lady of Consolation: Inside is the image of the patroness of Osuna. This comes from England, as it was intended to save from the Anglican reform carried out by Henry VIII. It is the headquarters of the Brotherhood of Peace.
Apart from those already mentioned, Osuna has more religious constructions, such as the Church of Our Lady of the Rosary of Fátima, the Hermitage of Saint Arcadio, the Church of Saint Carlos the Royal, the Church of the Convent of the Conception, the Church of the Convent of Saint Pedro, the Church of the Convent of Carmen, the Church of the Convent of the Holy Spirit, the Hermitage of Saint Ana, the Church of Saint Domingo and the Hermitage of the Via Sacra.
Among the civil architecture and important monuments of Osuna, you can find constructions like the ones we recommend.
University of Osuna: From the 16th century, it is a rectangular-plan building around a courtyard that stands out for its simplicity and severity of its straight lines and is characteristic for its four corners with its corresponding tower. It is one of the most emblematic buildings of Osuna. Its interior has been adapted and transformed into modern classrooms and is attached to the University of Seville. It is declared of Cultural Interest and has served as a setting for the television series Game of Thrones.
Coto de las Canteras: From these quarries the stone was extracted for the constructions since before the Romans occupied Osuna. It is known as "La Petra de Andalucía" and it is the one that was the Hermitage of the Via Sacra. It has been the scene of various events such as television shoots, video clips and concerts, including for the mythical series Game of Thrones.
Palace of the Marquis de la Gomera: Construction of the year 1770 approximately, with an impressive facade that makes it one of the most important buildings in Osuna. This type of construction was promoted by the economic boom of agricultural policy in Osuna, which caused the increase in construction carried out by the rural nobility.
Cilla del Cabildo: From the Cathedral of Seville of Osuna, it is today Parish House of Osuna. It was built in 1773 and it shows one of the most spectacular facades of the Andalusian baroque.
Pastora Arch: This symbolic monument of Osuna was built in 1794. It is of neoclassical style and was very common in the Spain of those times.
Bullring: It was inaugurated in 1904 to move the bullfighting parties held in the squares of Osuna. It is well known today thanks to the Game of Thrones series, which recorded an important scene in it.
House of the Towers: Located on Sevilla Street of Osuna. It is a house with two floors high, an elongated facade and large viewpoints. Its facade is baroque and in it, the cover is from the second half of the eighteenth century and combines elements of colonial architecture with other Mudejar and Islamic.
Other constructions and important places of Osuna are the Palace of Miguel Reina Jurado, the House of the Rosso, the House of the Marquesado of Campo Verde, the House of the Count of Puerto Hermoso, the House of Culture, the Municipal Poster, the Supply Square, the Roman Necropolis, the Roman Theater, the Palace of the Cabildo of the Cathedral of Seville, the Palace of Govantes and Herdara, the Town Hall and the Old Palace of Cepeda.
The municipality of Osuna offers different attractions so you can enjoy your visit by doing one of the different cultural and nature-related activities.
So you can expand your knowledge of Osuna and different aspects related to the town, you can visit one of the museums with different themes that you will find.
Water Tower Archaeological Museum: This is a 12th century Almohad wall belt tower that houses the Osuna archeological museum. It is formed by four rooms on two floors and in them you will find archaeological remains of Osuna.
Osuna Museum: It is located in the Palace of the Arjona and Cubas Brothers. In it you can find different pieces typical of the culture of Osuna, temporary exhibitions, archives of importance of the town and many other relics of importance of Osuna.
Bullfighting Museum: In the bullring of Osuna is this museum, dedicated both to the history of the square and to the bullfighting history of Osuna.
Museum of Sacred Art of Saint Domingo: It is next to the Church of Saint Domingo and in it you can appreciate works that belong to the heritage of the Collegiate Church of Saint Mary of the Assumption, as well as its history since its inception in Osuna.
Other museums of sacred art of Osuna are in the Collegiate Church of Saint Mary of the Assumption and in the Monastery of the Incarnation.
If you are a nature lover and what interests you about Osuna is its natural environment, you can enjoy the landscapes of the Campiña Sevillana, characterized by its olive groves and mountain lands. The natural environment of Osuna is very protected, with places as emblematic as the Osuna Lagoons.
One of the best options to enjoy the natural environment of Osuna is to take advantage of some of the different hiking trails offered by the municipality, among which you will find La Gomera Trail, the Necropolis Trail, the Corbones River Trail, the Osuna Lagoons Trail, the Gomera-Sierra de Pérez Trail, the Puerto de la Encina-Calderona Trail, the Calderona Trail, the Ipora-Los Naranjos Trail, Las Viñas Trail, the Barranco Trail and the "El Salinoso" Stream Trail.
It may be that on your visit to Osuna you want to enjoy some of the different festivities that take place in the town. Here you will find the main celebrations.
Our Lady of Consolation Day: Celebrated on September 8 with the procession of her image through the streets of Osuna. This same day, in the neighborhood of his church there is a "velá" in her honor.
Pilgrimage of Our Lady of Consolation: It is celebrated on the last Sunday of April and it is a pilgrimage that goes from the church to the Hermitage of Calvary, about 12 km from Osuna. The inhabitants of Osuna celebrate with joy this day in contact with nature.
Osuna Fair: It takes place in the middle of the month of May and is declared a Festival of National Tourist Interest of Andalusia. It starts with the lighting of the cover lighting and the entire fairground. One of the most popular events these days in Osuna is the Bullfighting Fair, one of the most important in Spain and that brings together different personalities from the world of bull. The Crop Fair of Osuna also takes place during these days.
Holy Week: It is declared a Festival of National Tourist Interest of Andalusia. During this week, the streets of Osuna are filled with atmosphere by the religious processions that contrast with the palaces and stain those streets of great beauty.
Saint Arcadio Day: It is celebrated on January 12, this day its image is processed by Osuna and venerated in the Hermitage of Saint Arcadio.
The cuisine of Osuna is composed of traditional Andalusian cuisine, with dishes consisting of fish, fried foods, meats or vegetables. Among the most typical dishes you can find the cooked stew, the stew of beans and peas, the repapalillas, the ardoria, the stew of tagarninas or the gazpacho. In the pastry there are dishes such as the villagers, the Saint Arcadio porridge or the Moroccan biscuits.