Carmona is a municipality of Seville that belongs to the Campiña de Carmona region, although it is geographically also in the region of Los Alcores.
The population of Carmona is around 30,000 inhabitants and is 28 km from the city of Seville and 95 km from the city of Córdoba.
Carmona is 15 km from the Guadalquivir River and delimits with Cantillana, Villanueva del Río y Minas, Alcolea del Río, Lora del Río, La Campana, Fuentes de Andalucía, Marchena, El Arahal, Paradas, El Viso del Alcor, Mairena del Alcor, Alcalá de Guadaíra, Seville, La Rinconada and Brenes.
The Carmona city has been populated for more than 5000 years. In the beginning it was called Carmo and was one of the most fortified cities in the kingdom of Tartessos. Later the Phoenicians arrived and then Carthage.
Carmona helped Julius Caesar in the uprising of Hispania Ulterior and he thanked them by giving him the status of municipality and the right to coin money.
After it was invaded by Muslims in the eighth century, Carmona was the capital of one of the Taifa kingdoms. However, in 1245 it was reconquered by Fernando III the Saint and, later, Pedro I made Carmona one of his favorite residences, carrying out a series of works for its improvement. Felipe IV gave the title of city to Carmona in 1630.
The Alcazar of Pedro I, known as Alcazar from Above, became the National Parador of Carmona in 1976.
At the end of the 20th century, the Municipal Archeology Service was established to carry out excavations, conservation activities and studies. Carmona is one of the pioneer cities in archaeological research in Andalusia and continues to maintain that research impluse.
Thanks to the passage of different cultures through this city, Carmona has a wide repertoire of monuments and places of interest where you can lose yourself enjoying the different eras and artistic styles.
Alcazar of the Seville Door: You will find it in the Blas Infante Square in Carmona, just above the Seville Door. It makes up an almost impregnable defensive complex. Important changes were made during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, and it was restored between 1973 and 1975. We must highlight the Homage Tower, the Gold Tower and the Patio of the Aljibes. Inside is the Tourist Reception Center, from where you can arrange a visit.
San Fernando Square: At the intersection between Prim Street and Martín López Street. This is the civic center of Carmona, just as it was in Roman times when they crossed the "Kardus Maximus" and the "Decumanus". It is located where the Roman forum was located. Its shape was closed rectangle until in the sixteenth century there was an error in a project. In it you will find important buildings from earlier times.
Supply Square: This square is located inside a building constructed in 1842 that is situated on the site of the old Convent of Saint Catalina and that constitutes the Carmona Supply Market. This was built so that fresh products could be sold and bought. Its design belongs to the architect Ramón del Toro.
Church of the Savior: This church of Carmona is located in the Cristo Rey Square, in the historic center of Carmona and very close to the Church of Saint María and the Saint Fernando Square. The church was built replacing another and was designed by the architect Leonardo de Figueroa, although it was Pedro Romero el Viejo who was in charge of the final traces. Inside it you will find images and goldsmiths from the 17th and 18th centuries.
Church of Saint María: Its full name is Church of Saint María of the Asunción. It is a church, almost a cathedral, located in the Marqués de las Torres Square de Carmona, with a floor plan, three naves and chapels between the buttresses. Its evolution is similar to that of the Cathedral of Seville, since it is also located on an old mosque. It was built in two stages between the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, so it shows the change of artistic trends in its structure.
Charity Hospital: Located in the historic center of Carmona, it is a building dedicated to charity. It was built in 1510 as a hospital for the poor people and is currently associated with the Seville Charity Hospital. The most remarkable thing about the hospital is its baroque cover, its chapel and its chapter house.
Convent of Saint Clara: Located in the historic center of Carmona, it was built in the 16th century with a Mudejar style and was renovated in the 17th and 18th centuries. Its cover or twin covers, by Juan Antonio Blanco, face to Saint María de Gracia Street. It is a good example of a drawer church, with a differentiated main chapel covered by a ribbed vault of third parties, covering the nave with a Mudejar coffered ceiling.
Alcazar of King Pedro: It is also known as the Alcazar from Above, Alcazar of the Queen or Alcazar of the Marchena Door. It is of Muslim origin and was the residence of King Taifa of Carmona. After the reconquest, in the thirteenth century Pedro I of Castile had him restored and made it one of his palaces. However, in 1504 an earthquake affected him considerably, turning it into ruins. It surrounds the National Tourism Parador, is considered a Cultural Interest Asset and is located in the highest point of Carmona.
Alcazar of the Córdoba Door: It is known as the Córdoba Door, it represents one of the most important symbols of Carmona in Roman expansion. With the Catholic Monarchs he lost his defensive function and his military appearance to take a supervisory role. In the 17th century, ornamental motifs and aspects of the Baroque were added, while in the 18th century it was reformed by the architect José Echamorro.
Church of Saint Pedro: Located on Saint Pedro Street in Carmona, in front of the Alcazar of the Seville Door. It is a church that began to be built in the fifteenth century with a Mudejar style and was completed in the eighteenth century with baroque style as the extension of an old sanctuary. It is dedicated to the Virgin of the Antigua and its impressive Sacramental Chapel, known as Sagrario, the work of Ambrosio de Figueroa.
Cerezo Theater: This is the municipal theater of Carmona. Its construction was carried out in the 1930s and was due to the expropriation of a plot by the City Council to a neighbor who had touched the lottery.
Roman Necropolis of Carmona: This necropolis, together with the Amphitheater and the Archaeological Museum, constitutes the Archaeological Ensemble of Carmona. It was discovered between 1868 and 1869 accidentally by some works and dates from between the first century and the second century BC. In her they emphasize the Tomb of the Elephant, the Tomb of Servilia and the Circular Tomb.
Carmona Wall: This is a defensive system that surrounded Carmona along 3.6 km. It became one of the most outstanding urban defensive groups in Spain. This wall opened to the outside through the Seville Door, the Sedía Door, the Córdoba Door and the Morón Door, as well as in secondary accesses in the form of portholes such as the gate of the Tower of the Bees, the Abollón gate, the Abuceite gate and the Postigo gate.
House-palace of the Aguilar: It is a noble house that shows in a remarkable way the civil baroque architecture of Carmona and of which it is possible to emphasize its original cover of two bodies of height endowed with sculpted decoration.
Amphitheater: It is located next to the necropolis and dates from the 1st century BC. The fights in the Carmona Amphitheater kept Roman soldiers in shape. It had a capacity of 18,000 spectators.
Church of Saint Felipe: Within the old town of Carmona, this church is located between General Chinchilla Street, Saint Felipe Street and Pedro I Street. It is from the 14th century and tells the legend that lies on the remains of an old mosque.
Church of Saint Bartolomé: Also in the old town of Carmona and very close to the Seville Door, is this fifteenth century church. Its architecture is Gothic and, although different reforms in the 18th century have made baroque transformations, these transformations have already been eliminated.
House-palace of Domínguez: It is an 18th-century baroque house that was built by demolishing another existing one. At present, the headquarters of the Municipal Library of Carmona is located, so it can be visited almost entirely and is one of the best-preserved houses-palaces in Carmona.
Hermitage of Saint Mateo: It is located outside of Carmona, on the slope of the Argollón Gorge and near the Morón Door. The reconquest of Carmona was built in memory on September 21, 1247, the day of Saint Mateo, which is since then its patron. It was restored in the second half of the twentieth century and this restoration served to recover certain traditions of Carmona.
Convent of the Augustinian Barefoot of the Holy Trinity: It is known as the Convent of the Barefoot. It is located in the historic center of Carmona. It is built around a central courtyard with a set of buildings where the church and the closing area stand out. It was built in 1718 and finished in 1748.
House-palace of the Marquis of San Martín: Property of the Marquis of Caltójar, this house-palace of Carmona is in perfect condition. Its rooms retain their original 19th-century decoration. It also has a 15th-century Mudejar courtyard apart from six other courtyards. It was declared a House Museum by the Association of Historic and Singular Houses.
House-palace Alonso Bernal Escamilla: It is also known as House of the chains, for the chains of its facade. It is an important every nobility of Carmona and, although it is of medieval origin, it was restored in the 18th century with a Baroque style.
House-palace of the Rueda: It is a baroque house-palace that is located in the historic center of Carmona, in front of the Church of Saint María. It is one of the most important and rich buildings of the civil architecture of Carmona. It is thought that the remains of an old 16th-century house were used for its construction, although the main elements are the work of the late 17th and early 18th centuries.
Monument to Saint Ángela of the Cross: Located in the historic center of Carmona next to the Patio of the Orange Trees of the Church of Saint María. It is the work of sculptor Miguel Ángel Valverde Jiménez and was carried out in recognition of the community of the Sisters of the Cross for their work in Carmona and Saint Ángela of the Cross.
Church of Santiago: This church is located in the upper part of Carmona, near the Córdoba Door. It is estimated that it was built in the fourteenth century on an old mosque of which part is preserved, but later, the church, received various reforms in the fifteenth, sixteenth and eighteenth centuries.
House-palace of the Marquis of the Torres: Also known as Quintanilla Family Palace, it is one of the most important buildings of noble character in Carmona. It is the seat of the City Museum. Its construction dates from the year 1755, although in its rehabilitation in the eighteenth century it was documented that its origin was in the sixteenth century.
Archaeological Ensemble of Carmona: This is an archaeological site constituted by the Roman necropolis of Carmona and the Amphitheater. It is protected as a Historic Artistic Monument, declared of Cultural Interest Asset and with the category of Archaeological Zone.
To enjoy Carmona in every way, you can take advantage of the different opportunities that this city gives you. To start you can visit the Carmona museum to learn more about the city.
Carmona City Museum: Shows the history of Carmona from its origin to the present day through archaeological remains, a pictorial collection and heritage documents. It is located in the House-palace of the Marquis of the Torres.
If you want not to miss a monument of Carmona, you can take any of the routes proposed by the city.
Basic route: This route through the Carmona city will allow you to visit different monuments and places mentioned above. It will allow you to know better the distribution of Carmona and not leave anything important to see.
Saint Felipe Neighborhood route: This route covers one of the oldest parts of Carmona and is located in the lower part of the historic center. It contains the majority of the palace-houses mentioned above.
Old Jewish route: If with the previous route you could visit the lower part of the old town of Carmona, with this route you can visit the upper part, as well as the different monuments found in it.
Arrabal route: To complete all the corners of Carmona, we also propose to make this route so you don't miss anything about this city.
Finally, if you are a nature lover, Carmona has a hiking trail where you can appreciate its natural environment.
Route of the Batida Cave: This route begins at the Seville Door to head towards the Batida Cave, passing through places where you can get beautiful views of Carmona. In the area of the Batida Cave you can contemplate a beautiful place of quarries where natural action meets human intervention. To return to Carmona you will pass by the Five Eye Bridge and the Roman road, finally arriving at the Seville Door where the route began.
In the event that what you like is to enjoy the tradition and the celebrations, Carmona has different festivities distributed throughout the year so that you can choose your visit according to the moment in which they take place.
Three Kings Parade: Held on January 5 and organized by Peña La Giralda. Walk the streets of Carmona distributing illusion among the little ones.
Carnivals: Recovered in 1984, the second half of February is celebrated and hosts the Provincial Contest of Carnival Groups.
Holy Week: With eight brotherhoods, the streets of Carmona are dressed in beauty and devotion for this tradition from Palm Sunday to Good Friday.
Las Mayas: It takes place on May 1 and is a series of mini processions of flowery crosses among the children of Carmona. A Mayas Contest organized by the Peña La Giralda is also held, which makes it careful to prepare the crosses.
Carmona Fair: It is celebrated the third week of May and has been held in Carmona since 1466. Many of the attendees tend to dress in flamenco, which makes it a very colorful fair and has a great resemblance to the Fair of Seville.
Corpus Christi: It takes place between May and June and in this celebration the Blessed Sacrament is processed in the custody of Francisco de Alfaro.
Pilgrimage of the Virgin of Grace: On the first Sunday of September a pilgrimage of the Virgin of Grace is made to the hermitage located one kilometer from Carmona. This tradition brings together a great participation of the people of Carmona.
Patron Saint Festivities of the Blessed Virgin of Grace: Held between September 8 and September 16 and are highly anticipated by the inhabitants of Carmona. During these holidays cultural, sporting, children's activities and musical concerts are carried out.
Pilgrimage of Saint Mateo: It takes place on September 21 and tries to commemorate the conquest of Carmona by Fernando III in 1247. It is celebrated in the Hermitage of Saint Mateo.
Carmona has a typical gastronomy of the Sevillian countryside where there has been a melting pot of cultures that today is reflected, among other aspects, in its dishes full of flavor. Typical Carmona dishes include the Alboronías, the spinach with chickpeas, the "chacinas" of the Sierra Norte de Sevilla, the grilled meats and the "carrillada". Among the pastries we find the English cake.