The municipality of Conil de la Frontera is located in the province of Cádiz, 43 km from Cádiz capital. It has an extension of 88.51 km2, belongs to the La Janda region and is one of the most representative towns of the Costa de la Luz.
The economy of Conil de la Frontera is mainly supported by seasonal tourism that comes to the municipality attracted by its extensive beaches bathed by the Atlantic. Other important sources of income for Conil de la Frontera are fishing and agriculture.
Conil de la Frontera borders with Chiclana de la Frontera and Vejer de la Frontera.
Conil de la Frontera was founded by the Phoenicians to take advantage of its good access to the Atlantic. The name of Conil comes from the tribe of the conios which inhabited the area. With the Romans gained importance because it was part of the Herculean Way and united Málaga and Cádiz, but after this time, the municipality of Conil de la Frontera was sacked by Visigoths, Byzantines and Vandals until the Nasrid era, when it had to be part of the Cora of Sidonia.
In the year 1265 and in the process of Christian reconquest, the term "de la Frontera" was added to Conil, since it meant a border between Christian and Muslim territory, as did the towns of Chiclana de la Frontera, Jerez de la Frontera, Arcos de la Frontera, Castellar de la Frontera, Jimena de la Frontera, Vejer de la Frontera, Cortes de la Frontera, Aguilar de la Frontera and Morón de la Frontera.
In 1299, Fernando IV delivered to Alonso Pérez de Guzmán the municipality of Conil de la Frontera. In this stage Conil de la Frontera was renamed Torre de Guzmán, for the tower they built in the name of Alonso Pérez de Guzmán.
After some epidemics and disputes between nobles, the seventeenth century was the golden age of Conil de la Frontera in the economic aspect.
At present and since 1960, Conil de la Frontera has experienced an increase in tourism that is the sustenance of the local economy.
In Conil de la Frontera we can enjoy a day for its beaches or visit some of the elements that make up its cultural heritage.
Church of Saint Catalina: Built in the 15th century with a Gothic-Mudejar style. It is located in the Saint Catalina Square and currently has the function of cultural center of Conil de la Frontera, where you can visit different exhibitions. Nearby are the Guzmán Tower, the Hermitage-Chapel of Our Father Jesus Nazarene and the Prision House.
Guzmán Tower: This 13th century tower was built by Alonso Pérez de Guzmán and from where the new Conil de la Frontera began, then called Torre de Guzmán. It is located in the Saint Catalina Square and you can go up it and appreciate Conil de la Frontera from its height. It is declared an Cultural Interest Asset.
Door of the Villa: It dates from the year 1502 and it is a part of the wall that once surrounded Conil de la Frontera and that today is located in the historic center. Formerly it was known as Door of Vejer, as it marked the beginning of the road to Vejer de la Frontera. This is one of the four doors that Conil de la Frontera had. It is also considered an Cultural Interest Asset.
Prision House: It is the oldest building in Conil de la Frontera, after the Guzmán Tower. Its purpose was for chapter houses.
Watchtower Park: It is located in one of the highest points of Conil de la Frontera. Its name is due to the Watchtower that was in this area to watch the sea. It is a recreational area in which to get beautiful views to the sea or enjoy a walk in the shade of the pine trees that we find inside. Nowaday, many people celebrate the ceremony of their wedding in this place of Conil de la Frontera so idyllic.
Fishing port: It is located in the Cape Roche of Conil de la Frontera and it can be seen the boats that are used in the trap and fishing boats. It is advisable to see the fish auction. Just at the beginning of Cape Roche we can appreciate the Roche Lighthouse.
Roche Lighthouse: It was originally a watchtower called Roche Tower, until in 1986 it began to be used as a lighthouse. It is 3.5 km from La Barrosa in Chiclana de la Frontera. This tower was part of a system of towers that Felipe II ordered to build to defend the Spanish coasts, among which is that of Conil de la Frontera and ultimately that of the province of Cádiz.
Chapel of the Holy Spirit: It was founded in 1586 by Antón Manuel and Leonor Gil in a location donated by the Duke of Medina Sidonia. In this chapel the Virgin of Carmen is worshiped, especially by the people who work in the sea. The bell of the chapel is from 1632, the oldest in Conil de la Frontera.
Hermitage-Chapel of Our Father Jesus Nazarene: It was built in 1592 by the brotherhood that gives it its name. Inside we find a carving of the Nazarene by Francisco de Villegas and an image of Our Lady of Suspiros. The image of Saint Sebastián, patron saint of Conil de la Frontera, carried out by Pedro Dain and Our Lady of Guadalupe, through an altarpiece financed by Miguel Calderón de la Barca, also receives cult.
Castilnovo Tower: Located on the Castilnovo beach, almost on the border with Vejer de la Frontera. It is the most important tower of Conil de la Frontera after the Guzmán Tower, as it had a defensive function and helps the almadraba. It belonged to a walled enclosure that was demolished by a tsunami in 1755.
Hermitage of María Auxiliadora: It is located in Barrio Nuevo, inside Conil de la Frontera. At the entrance we find a stone that symbolizes the cult of María Auxiliadora. This hermitage of 1929 was abandoned, but it was restored by a parish association of El Colorado and the neighbors of Barrio Nuevo.
Apart from all the cultural heritage, Conil de la Frontera has different beaches and calas to visit, perform some sport or enjoy the surroundings.
Bateles beach: It is one of the many beaches that make up the Costa de la Luz. It is located next to the center of Conil de la Frontera and runs from the mouth of the Salado River. It is one of the busiest beaches of Conil de la Frontera.
El Palmar beach: This beach has an area of 8 km and an average width of 50 m. It is a quiet beach with all kinds of amenities available to Conil de la Frontera. It is one of the few virgin beaches that remain in Cádiz and Andalusia. A series of security elements has been placed to preserve the dunes.
Castilnovo beach: This is another virgin beach in Conil de la Frontera. It is located in a natural environment and is little crowded. It is usually frequented by nudists. Its name comes from the Castilnovo Tower, very close to the beach.
Chorrillo beach: It is a beach that is very popular with the people of Conil de la Frontera, especially young people. It is located under the cliffs of Conil de la Frontera, which makes its access somewhat difficult since you have to go down some stairs. Its name is due to the jets of water that flow from the cliffs.
La Fontanilla beach: This beach is considered one of the best in Conil de la Frontera, due to the quality of the water, the sand and the services available. It is a beach with few waves and low tide. Next to El Roqueo beach, it is one of the most frequented by the inhabitants of Conil de la Frontera.
El Roqueo beach: This beach is where the cliffs of Conil de la Frontera begin. It is a beach at low tide, where angling is usually practiced.
Fuente del Gallo beach: It is the last long beach of Conil de la Frontera, in front of La Fuente del Gallo urbanization. It is located right under the cliffs of Conil de la Frontera. It is an ideal beach to take a walk along the shore or watch the sunset.
Cala of Puntalejo: After the La Fuente del Gallo urbanization, we find this cove sheltered by the cliffs of Conil de la Frontera. Caution is recommended when bathing in it, since the bottom is covered with rock. It is a beach frequented by couples.
Cala of Aceite: This beach in Conil de la Frontera is one of the least affected by the east wind, due to its orientation to the south. It is located next to the fishing port of Conil de la Frontera.
Calas of Roche: These are small virgin calas under the cliffs of Conil de la Frontera. Their access is by stairs and they are characterized by their beauty and by the practice of nudism in them. These calas are: Cala of Tío Juan de Medina, Cala of El Faro, Cala of Pato, Cala of Frailecillo, Cala Aspero and Cala Encendida.
Other beaches of Conil de la Frontera are the Roche Urbanization beach and the Torre del Puerco beach.
The culture of Conil de la Frontera is very influenced by tuna fishing, this makes it interesting to visit one of the museums to learn more about its history.
La Chanca: Its full name is the Interpretation and Documentation Center of the Sea, the Tuna and the Almadrabas of la Chanca of Conil. In this center that works as a museum, they show us different aspects of the almadraba and how it has evolved in Conil de la Frontera. This museum gives the opportunity to know in depth the history of the treatment of tuna.
Municipal Museum of Conileñas Roots: This museum shows furniture, tools and utensils used in Conil de la Frontera throughout the history of the population. It has four rooms in which the more than 800 objects that the museum has are exhibited.
But for those who prefer to feel active, in Conil de la Frontera you can enjoy practicing different sports. However, the coastal conditions of Conil de la Frontera provide us with an ideal environment for practicing water sports.
Entre Ramas Aventura: This park gives the opportunity to make a tour among trees with different activities such as zip lines, suspension bridges, Tibetan bridges, etc. enjoying the nature and with the security measures necessary to carry out the activities. It is located one kilometer from some beaches of Conil de la Frontera as the calas of Roche.
Windsurfing: The beaches of Conil de la Frontera provide ideal conditions for practicing this sport. The wind that reaches Conil de la Frontera has less force than the one that reaches Tarifa, which makes it the best wind for sailing sports.
Kitesurfing: For the same reasons as before, Conil de la Frontera has become a perfect place to practice this sport, which is becoming increasingly popular. To carry out kitesurfing in Conil de la Frontera, the west wind is necessary. Although Conil de la Frontera is a good place to practice this sport, the best place is in Caños de Meca.
Diving: This sport is highly recommended for lovers of marine life. In the waters of Conil de la Frontera you can see coral reefs as well as sunken ships.
Horse riding: For its landscape and its climate, with beaches and mountains, Conil de la Frontera invites us to carry out this activity.
Golf: Conil de la Frontera has some of the best golf courses in Europe, which makes it one of the favorite attractions when visiting the Costa de la Luz.
Angling: Fishing is one of the traditional sectors of Conil de la Frontera, so in some of its beaches, such as El Roqueo beach or Fuente del Gallo beach, it is traditional for fans to go at sunset to enjoy of their passion.
To liven up the visit to Conil de la Frontera, what better to enjoy a few days of celebration in this town. These are the celebrations that are in Conil de la Frontera throughout the year.
Pilgrimage of Saint Sebastián: In this celebration that takes place in January, the patron saint of Conil de la Frontera, Saint Sebastián, is processed to El Colorado. It is a day where the inhabitants of Conil de la Frontera and tourists enjoy living together.
Carnivals: It takes place the first weeks of March. In this festival the inhabitants of Conil de la Frontera disguise and perform dances, costume contests, parades of groups, etc.
May Crosses: The neighbors of Conil de la Frontera adorn crosses and a contest is held to determine the best cross.
El Colorado Spring Fair: Held in June, before spring ends and summer begins. The horse, the gastronomy of Conil de la Frontera and the fruit and vegetables products, take center stage here. This fair ends with a ride through the entire fairgrounds.
Saint Juan: On the night of June 23 to 24, the people of Conil de la Frontera move to the beach where bonfires are lit and the traditional Juan and Juana are burned.
Festivity of the Virgin of Carmen: Celebrated on July 16 where the Virgin of Carmen is processed to the fishing port to later do it in the sea. Here a series of events are held and the party ends with the procession of the virgin through the streets of Conil de la Frontera.
Fair in honor of Our Lady of Virtudes: On September 8, Conil de la Frontera celebrates this festivity in honor of its patron saint, Our Lady of Virtudes.
Other typical celebrations of Conil de la Frontera are the Contest of Typical Patios and Corners and the Tuna Route.
The gastronomy of Conil de la Frontera is very marked by the fishing culture of this municipality, which is why most of the typical dishes contain sea products.
Among the typical dishes of Conil de la Frontera include tuna with onions, mojama, flank, grilled swordfish, fried fish, snapper with salt, Conil sea bream with salt, marinated dogfish, seasoned potatoes and carrots, gazpacho, tomato soup, choco potatoes, pork rinds, white bean stew with chestnuts and sweet potato stew.
Regarding the pastry, in Conil de la Frontera highlights the bread of Cádiz that is a soft marzipan. But rosquetes and biscuits are also typical.