The municipality of Bubión is located in the heart of the Alpujarra Granadina, bordered by the municipalities of Lanjarón, Capileira, La Taha, Pampaneira and Soportújar. Its municipal term belongs to the Sierra Nevada National Park and forms part, next to Capileira and Pampaneira, of the Poqueira Gorge. The three municipalities, Capileira, Pampaneira and Bubión, for their great beauty, have been declared an Historic Artistic Site. From Bubión we can get impressive views, on clear days, since it is possible to see from one point at a time, the Mediterranean Sea and Sierra Nevada.
The town of Bubión has a great architectural wealth, influenced by the Arab occupation, with steep streets and splendid tinaos; terraced houses, with flat slate roofs, with their typical chimneys and adapted to a very steep orography, perfectly whitewashed and with their balconies full of pots of plants and flowers, so typical of the Alpujarra. A walk through Bubión takes us back to another time, dotted with a large number of fountains. Its urban nucleus enjoys a special protection, since it is inside the Sierra Nevada National Park and having been declared a Historic Artistic Site.
The origin of Bubión is associated to the Roman time, since some burials belonging to these were found. There are also data, which attribute to the Goths a small settlement at the end of the 4th century in Bubión. But it was not until the Arab period when Bubión reached its peak, being the head of the Taha of Poqueira, which encompassed Capileira, Pampaneira, Bubión and the old town of Alguástar.
After the Conquest of Granada by the Catholic Monarchs, both Bubión and the other towns of the place received intolerable pressure and, in 1568, Fernando de Valor, a wealthy landowner in the area, under the name of Abén Humeya, revolted against Felipe II, initiating a revolt among the Moriscos of the Kingdom of Granada. The disagreements between the Moors led to the death of Abén Humeya in 1569, causing Juan de Austria to end this uprising and finally expelling the Moors in 1609. Bubión was repopulated by colonists and peasants from Galicia, Asturias, Castilla La Mancha and Castilla y León.
Within the artistic and cultural heritage of Bubión we find:
Church of the Virgin of the Rosario: It is of Mudejar style and its tower was used of castle that served as defensive point to the followers of Abén Humeya. It is dedicated to the Virgin of the Rosario. It has a high symbolic, urbanistic and scenic value in Bubión.
Hondera Fountain: With two pipes, it also serves as a trough. Next to the fountain is a transformed laundry, which is what gives it its name.
Bubión laundry room: A laundry room with a flat roof of launa and flagstone.
Loom Workshop: Set of two looms in perfect working condition, housed inside a traditional restored house of Bubión. It is one of the few traditional looms that are conserved in the Alpujarra Granadina.
Traditional architecture: Some typical examples of the traditional architecture of Bubión are the "Tinaos de la Calle Mayor Juan Pérez Ramón" and the "Tinao de la Calle Trocadero".
Hermitage of Saint Antonio: It is in the way of the Hermitage, in the right margin of the Cerezo Gorge. After its collapse, this hermitage remained in ruins in Bubión until 2006, when it was reopened after its restoration. In its interior are the images of Saint Antonio and Saint Sebastián, pattern of Bubión.
The municipality of Bubión offers a series of natural charms within the Sierra Nevada National Park:
Tejar Waterfall: It is a waterfall, about 20 meters, on two steps, located north of the town of Bubión. It is inside a frame with riparian vegetation formed by ivies, chestnuts, poplars and some brooms.
Tejar Bridge: It is a ravine framed in an environment of half hillside, with riparian vegetation formed by chestnuts of great bearing and antiquity, next to poplars and terraced crops. It is also located north of Bubión.
Hoya of the Portillo: It is a recreational area located in Bubión conditioned to order and restrict access to the high peaks of Sierra Nevada. Includes parking, information point of the Sierra Nevada National Park and two viewpoints.
Route from Hoya del Portillo to Refugio del Poqueira: The trail passes through the spectacular headwaters of the Poqueira Gorge, crowned by the Mulhacén and with numerous lagoons along the route, such as the Caldera Lagoon or Seco River Lagoon. During the journey we passed through the area known as the Black Cascajar, where until recently the characteristic stone used in the construction of the Alpujarra houses was obtained. Refuge of the Poqueira is the end point of the route, at 2,250 m altitude, it is an ideal place for the practice of high mountain activities.
GR7 from Pampaneira to Bubión: This route runs for the most part along the Vereda of Cacharique up to the A-4132 road that you have to follow until you cross the Poqueira River. It passes through the Pampaneira Power Plant until it reaches Pampaneira from where, along a Cañada Real, it ascends to Bubión.
Sulayr Trail: This trail consists of 300 km of circular route that are divided into 19 stages in which you can appreciate the beauty of the landscapes and towns which are part of them. The trail is connected to other places such as the Dornajo Visitor Center or the Cortijuela Botanical Garden. It is the backbone of the basic network of trails in Sierra Nevada and a symbol of union between the Natural Park and the National Park. It runs between two provinces, six counties and sixty municipalities, among which is Bubión.
Apart from activities related to nature, in Bubión we can also make a visit to one of the museums that we find in the municipality.
Casa Alpujarreña Museum: Located in a house of two heights, in the traditional style of the Alpujarra. It houses more than 500 elements related to traditional life in the town, including a wine press, a press and many tools and equipment. It is located in the Bubión Square.
Bubión Agriculture Museum: Located in a new construction house, traditional style, next to the Eras of Bubión. Inside it houses elements related to traditional agriculture in the Alpujarra and Bubión. On the outside it shows a threshing machine and an old tractor that are part of the museum itself.
To liven up the visit to Bubión, we can try to coincide with some of the traditional festivals with which it has:
Festivity of Saint Antón: Celebrated around January 17 in Bubión. By this date the chisco de Saint Antón is also celebrated.
Festivity de Saint Sebastián: They take place in mid-August. At the end of the festivities there is the "Entierro de la Zorra", a puppet filled with rockets that is first processed through the streets of Bubión and then set on fire.
Feast of the Mauraca: Celebrated on November 1, it is better known as the Chestnut Festival in Bubión.
Saint Juan: The morning of Saint Juan, June 24, the streets of Bubión are dressed in flowers and bright colors.
Regarding the gastronomy in Bubión, it is necessary to appreciate that their hams are very good, but among the typical dishes of Bubión they emphasize the soup of almonds, made with garlic, onion, almonds, tomato and ham, and the chestnut stew, elaborated dessert with chestnuts, water and sugar.