The municipality of Pampaneira is located in the region of the Alpujarra Granadina, southeast of the province of Granada and at the foot of the Sierra Nevada in the southern area. The beauty of the area goes beyond the amazing landscapes that can be seen and includes the architecture that preserves the essence of the Berber era. The Muslim culture left here deep traces still visible today.
Pampaneira, with Bubión and Capileira make up the Poqueira Gorge, declared a Historic-Artistic site and located under the peaks of two of the highest peaks of the Iberian Peninsula, the Mulhacén and the Veleta. It is one of the most beautiful areas of Andalusia and Spain, more than 1000 meters above sea level.
Much of the Pampaneira municipal area belongs to the Sierra Nevada National Park. Its natural environment invites to hiking or biking on its roads and is a good destination for lovers of climbing.
The town of Pampaneira is considered by many people the most beautiful town in the Alpujarra. It is located 72 kilometers from Granada city and the curves of the road do not facilitate access, as if the town was reserved for privileged people. This is not an exaggeration, because the town of Pampaneira is a real treasure. It has about 340 inhabitants, whose main activity is tourism, and its crafts and cuisine stand out. The architecture in Pampaneira is the traditional Alpujarra, which is characterized by its narrow and steep cobbled streets with the leading role of the ditches in the soil to transport water, mostly stone covered with launa with slate on its edges and perfectly whitewashed.
The Pampaneira name comes from the Latin term "Pampinarius", which means "producer of pámpanos" and that has its interpretation as "land of vines". On the other hand, its ending in "eira", as it happens with other towns in the Alpujarra, comes from the Mozarabic or Andalusian romance.
After the conquest of the Kingdom of Granada by the Catholic Monarchs, many Moors took refuge in the Alpujarra, where Pampaneira is located. In 1568, Hernando de Válor, a landowner who acquired the name of Abén Humeya, rebelled against Felipe II and provoked a revolt among the Moors.
Clashes between the Moors themselves ended with the death of Abén Humeya in 1569. This made Mr. Juan de Austria could end the uprising and finally expel the Moors in 1609. This caused a depopulation of the Alpujarra and, therefore, Pampaneira.
The population that is currently in Pampaneira has its origin in the repopulation that began in the sixteenth century.
On a route through the town of Pampaneira, we suggest visiting different places of cultural interest:
Church of the Holy Cross: From the 16th century. Built on an old mosque, it has a rectangular floor plan and a Mudejar coffered ceiling.
Freedom Square: Located in the heart of the town of Pampaneira and next to the Church of the Holy Cross. Place where all roads begin and end. Here you will find most restaurants, fabric shops, terraces, etc.
Saint Antonio Fountain: Also known as "La Chumpaneira", it is located next to the Church of the Holy Cross. The fountain shows the visitor a small legend, which we suggest reading.
Arab washings: Located in El Cerrillo Fountain, located on the street of the same name.
In addition, taking a walk through both the low and high district of Pampaneira, we can see different "tinaos", in some cases covering the whole street and in other cases adorned with a multitude of flowers, a weaving workshop, inheritance of the rich seder from Granada of the past and some "terrao" as the Terrao de las Cámaras, chosen place to read the proclamations.
The natural environment invites us to tour the municipality of Pampaneira in its entirety.
Poqueira Gorge: Framed by two powerful steep slopes where the Poqueira River is encased, with vegetation composed of grasslands, oaks, gall oaks and chestnut trees. The Tajo de los Machos stands out, located at 3085 meters above sea level and which separates the basins of the Lanjarón River and the Poqueira River. With own vegetation of the high mountain, located in the north end of the municipality of Pampaneira.
The environment of Pampaneira invites to make hiking routes, among which we highlight the following:
Atalaya Trail: It is a path of great beauty, which crosses areas of dense and varied vegetation, which highlights a large chestnut and where you can enjoy a great views to Capileira, Bubión and Pampaneira with Sierra Nevada as a backdrop.
Poqueira Gorge Route: Its route passes through the municipalities of Pampaneira, Bubión and Capileira, and allows you to contemplate one of the most beautiful corners of Spain. It is about 9.8 km with an estimate of 3 hours and 45 minutes.
Sulayr Trail: This trail consists of 300 km of circular route that are divided into 19 stages in which you can appreciate the beauty of the landscapes and towns which are part of them. The trail is connected to other places such as the Dornajo Visitor Center or the Cortijuela Botanical Garden. It is the backbone of the basic network of trails in Sierra Nevada and a symbol of union between the Natural Park and the National Park. It runs between two provinces, six counties and sixty municipalities, among which is Pampaneira.
In Pampaneira you can enjoy different days of parties throughout the year.
Feast of the mauraca: If you make your visit coincide with All Saints' Day on November 1, you can enjoy this famous festival, also known as the chestnut festival, which is celebrated both in Pampaneira and in many other municipalities of the Alpujarra. While the chestnuts are made, traditional dances and songs, and competitions of all kinds take place around the fire. When the chestnuts are ready, they are accompanied by anise.
Chisco of Saint Antón: It takes place on January 16, where the inhabitants of Pampaneira make a great bonfire of community character.
Other popular festivities in Pampaneira during the year are the Feast of Saint Blas on February 3, the Feast of the Holy Cross on May 3 and the Craft, Agricultural and Tourism Fair of the Alpujarra on October 12.
Pampaneira has a wide range of restaurants and food stores where you can taste and purchase a wide variety of typical Alpujarran cuisine, of both Moorish and Christian descent. Thus, in products derived from pork with natural curing stand out, its hams, sausages, blood sausages, etc.
Among the typical dishes of Pampaneira, we will find the classic portions of cold meats, migas, porridge, chestnut stew or potatoes to the poor, choosing a good wine from the area to accompany these dishes. In bakery highlights the fig bread, the almond slices and the roscones.