Located in the Serrania de Ronda, 20 kilometers from Ronda, the Roman Ruins of Acinipo are one of the most important archaeological sites in Spain. A place that since time ago is known as "Ronda la Vieja" and that tells us about an intense past in which numerous cultures such as the Phoenician or the Roman have played a fundamental role.
It is worth visiting simply to contemplate the ruins of the theater, the forum, the center of Roman public life, the walls, the baths and the temple.
Its strategic location at 1000 meters above sea level and the fact that it is one of the most fertile lands of the Ronda depression has meant that Neolithic settlements have settled there, as the remains of circular huts with a cobbled porch show and objects found belonging to the Copper and Bronze Age.
The Phoenician colonists also knew how to see the potential of this place and therefore also played a leading role in the history of this settlement. It is precisely from this time when the population of Acinipo would begin to gain some importance. However, the moment of history in which the city lived its maximum splendor was during the Roman era, especially since the end of the first century A.D. until the third century A.D. The ruins of the buildings found show the acquired urban development and the great development that reached the city of Acinipo in the first centuries of the Empire. An ephemeral but golden stage that has left Ronda one of the greatest tourist attractions that have survived to the present day after being uninhabited towards the seventh century.
It is obvious that its orographic situation, in one of the highest points of the region, gave it a high strategic value and visual control of the surrounding land. But in addition, for the Romans also it had importance the facilities that it offered as far as communication with other territories of the Roman province of Hispania. The accesses to the Guadalquivir Valley, to the Cádiz coast and to the depressions of the intrabatic furrow are easy to perceive, favoring the contacts and commercial transactions of this culture, as the coins of the period found in the site prove. In fact, Acinipo enjoyed the power to mint money.
But besides this type of tourist attractions, the Serranía de Ronda is also one of the best places in the Spanish geography for rural tourism. Both for the variety of landscapes and the wide range of sports activities offered.