The municipality of Rincón de la Victoria, located on the Costa del Sol Oriental of Málaga and just 5 km from Málaga, is currently a summer municipality and a sleeping city of this one, the capital of Costa del Sol.
Rincón de la Victoria borders other municipalities in the province of Málaga and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. These municipalities are Totalán, Moclinejo and Macharaviaya to the north, Vélez-Málaga to the east, and Málaga to the west.
With an area of 27.5 km2, Rincón de la Victoria is one of the western gates of La Axarquía region. Its mountains and hills covered with olive trees, almond trees, carob trees, vineyards and, in pieces, Mediterranean scrub and palm hearts, dotted with small subtropical plantations.
The orography of Rincón de la Victoria is much less steep than that of other municipalities in the interior of La Axarquía region. It is crossed by four streams, the Totalán Stream, which acts as the natural limit with the municipality of Málaga, the Granadillas Stream, which runs through the town, the Benagalbón Stream, which passes through the town of the same name, and the Millán Stream, to the east. limiting with the municipality of Vélez-Málaga.
The population of Rincón de la Victoria stretches along the beach in the southern part of the municipality, and what until a few decades ago was a small nucleus of fishermen's houses, today is an authentic city, multiplying its number of inhabitants during the summer months.
Other population centers that make up the municipality of Rincón de la Victoria are La Cala del Moral, in the western area and bordering the municipality of Málaga, and Torre de Benagalbón, to the east, both are practically linked to the main nucleus, making the National Highway 340 one street. Inside and in the authentic style of La Axarquía, you will find another nucleus that is part of the municipality, Benagalbón.
Although the spectacular growth experienced in the last decades of Rincón de la Victoria may suggest that the history of these lands is recent. However, the truth is that the presence of man in them rises to the Paleolithic, being one of the oldest in the province of Málaga, as shown by the cave paintings of Cueva del Tesoro (Treasure Cave), located very close to the town, and others municipality shelter.
In the 4th and 5th century BC, the Punic-Phoenician settlement of the Loma de Benagalbón (Benagalbón Hill), also left its tracks, as well as the small Roman fortress that existed in the area of which mosaics and remains of some hot springs have been found. It is from this time the original nucleus of population, which was called Bezmiliana.
However, it was during the Arab domination, as in most of the towns of La Axarquía, when there was more progress in the town and its fortress, reaching a great strategic influence in the area during the 12th century. You can see his remains in "El Castellón", on the road up to Benagalbón. This enclave is also founded under Muslim rule and owes its name to its first settlers, the Berber tribe of "Galb-un".
Rincón de la Victoria was occupied by Christian troops shortly after the conquest of Vélez-Málaga. This led to a depopulation of the area, which was repopulated in 1492 with neighbors from other towns who were granted ownership of houses and land. Later, Rincón de la Victoria was depopulated again due to the Moorish rebellion of 1569, the result of defenselessness against possible coastal attacks.
In the middle of the 18th century, near the ruins of Bezmiliana and next to Vélez-Málaga royal road, the Bezmiliana Castle was built to defend the coast against English troops. To the shelter of its walls a population began to grow that was fully dedicated to the sea, an annex of Benagalbón, because Benagalbón held the capital of the municipality until 1906.
In 1956 the location of the town hall was changed to Rincón de la Victoria, a name that comes from the possession of some of its lands that were the heritage of the Convent of Victoria, whose monks came from the municipality known as La Victoria in the province of Córdoba. This process was thanks to the improvements in communication channels and the increase in the population of Málaga city, which led to an increase in fishing and made Rincon de la Victoria the municipal administrative center.
Today, Rincón de la Victoria continues to have fishing activity, but its economy has been pivoting towards the residential sector as a sleeping city for many workers in Málaga city, as well as towards tourism.
The municipality of Rincón de la Victoria has a cultural heritage very marked by the civilizations that have passed through its lands and the situation that each of them have lived through. This is why each one of the towns conserves elements that show the importance that these territories had in the past.
The most important and emblematic monument of Rincón de la Victoria is the Bezmiliana House-Fort, also known as Bezmiliana Castle. It is a fortress built in the second half of the 18th century, for military defense of the coast after the fall of Gibraltar. It is built on a square plan, with exterior masonry walls, cylindrical towers and topped with a shield of the heraldry of Charles III. Its interior consists of an enclosure with rooms for officers and troops, storage rooms and a few blocks for horses, which access an interior courtyard with a well. Today it has the function of an exhibition hall in which its walls are dressed with works by important artists. In addition, it is the headquarters of La Axarquía Studies Documentation Center.
In the 14th century, the two Almenaras Towers were built, which are located in the municipality of Rincón de la Victoria, with two watchtowers, one in El Cantal and the other in Torre de Benagalbón. They are from the Muslim period, raised during the reign of Yusuf I. Their function was to continuously watch the sea and alert nearby fortresses of possible incursions by pirates, warning with smoke during the day and fire at night.
El Cantal tower is located on a cliff about 30 meters above the sea, while the Torre de Benagalbón tower is on a small mound. Both have a frusto-conical shape, a diameter of 7 meters at the base and a height of 10.5 meters.
In Torre de Benagalbón there is an important archaeological site that had its origin in the 8th and 7th centuries BC, of whose first time important remains of Phoenician ceramics have been found. Although the most outstanding archaeological remains are from the late 3rd and early 4th centuries AD and they conform it a thermal complex next to a garum and salting factory and a luxurious Roman villa.
Next to El Cantal tunnels, in the part of Rincón de la Victoria town, you will see a small sanctuary of extraordinary beauty with the image of the Virgin of Mount Carmel, patron saint of the town, exposed for worship. In addition, you can also appreciate it coming from La Cala del Moral towards Rincón de la Victoria, bordering the cliffs in a place of extraordinary beauty with a blue horizon where the sky and the sea meet.
Finally, it may be interesting to see the Church of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, as well as the Town Hall.
Throughout the municipality of Rincón de la Victoria you can find a wide range of leisure and entertainment. If you are a water lover, you have more than ten kilometers of coastline to practice all kinds of water activities and sunbathe. At the eastern limit is the Añoreta Golf Course, with 18 holes. And you can also practice skeet shooting, tennis and horse riding.
On the other hand, the promenade that connects La Cala del Moral with Rincón de la Victoria, extends around about seven kilometers of beaches, where you can see wonderful sunsets over the Bay of Málaga.
The Rincon de la Victoria beaches are mainly three, the Rincon de la Victoria beach, 2,500 meters long; La Cala del Moral beach, to the west of the municipality, 1,500 meters long; and the Torre de Benagalbón beach, east of the municipality, 3,500 meters long.
These are fine, dark sand beaches with moderate waves. The three beaches have points accessible to people with reduced mobility, regular cleaning and collection of waste, an information and tourism point. They can be accessed by bus, they have a parking area, entrance and exit channels for boats, as well as information panels, both on services and on water quality results. They have surveillance services by the local police, civil protection and the environmental delegation, rescue services, signaling flags of the state of the sea, surveillance towers, marking of bathing areas, showers and footbaths, bike lanes, access gateways to beaches, sports and leisure areas, beach bars and restaurants, kiosks, rental of umbrellas and hammocks, pedal boat rental.
Although the main attraction of Rincón de la Victoria are its beaches, there are places where you can become more cultured, such as the Popular Arts Museum or the Ethnographic Museum, located in Benagalbón. It consists of two parts, one dedicated to the traditional farmhouse consisting of living room, kitchen and bedroom and the other to the typical farm implements and implements of the area.
In addition, the municipality of Rincón de la Victoria has three cultural exhibition rooms, the Bezmiliana House-Fort, located in Rincón de la Victoria, is the permanent headquarters of the main exhibitions of the municipality, the Robert Harvey Room, in Benagalbón, and the Mare Nostrum Room, in La Cala del Moral.
You will also be able to learn a little more about the population centers that are within the municipality of Rincón de la Victoria. On one side of La Cala del Moral, separated from Rincón de la Victoria by the Cuesta de El Cantal (El Cantal Slope). As an urban nucleus it began to develop practically at the same time as the capital of the municipality, at the beginning of the 20th century, as a natural settlement of fishermen, and in the 16th century it was a key place in the defense of the coast.
On the other hand, Benagalbón is located further inland, it is an eminently rural nucleus, where the ancestral customs are kept with greater purity and the typical features of the items of the interior of the region are preserved. Here you can visit the Church of Our Lady of Candelaria, built in the 16th century.
You can learn more about the first settlers of these lands by visiting places such as the Cueva del Tesoro, located on the Cuesta de El Cantal, halfway between La Cala del Moral and Rincón de la Victoria. The cave has rooms and galleries that total approximately half a kilometer in length and about 2,800 m2. Among the most important rooms, four stand out: the Noctiluca Room, the Virgin Room, the Marco Craso Room and the Lakes Room. Inside there are stone paintings and remains of the Paleolithic.
Legend has it that 2,500 years ago it was a sanctuary for Noctiluca or Malac, goddess of fertility, life and death, which was worshiped by the Phoenicians and whose coins displayed similar shapes on the cave. Legend also has it that in the 1st century BC served as a refuge for Marco Licinio Craso, a member of the first triumvirate with Pompey and César, after the murder of his father, hence the name of another of his rooms.
Another cave that you can visit and explore more about the origins of Rincón de la Victoria is the Cueva de la Victoria (Victoria Cave), located very close to the previous one and next to another series of storage rooms in the area known as El Cantal Gordo (El Cantal Big). Remains of the Bronze Age and vestiges of Paleolithic red and black paintings have been found there.
In the surroundings of these caves is the Mediterranean Archaeological Park, a space that has 90,000 m2 of surface in which the original geomorphological surface and the native Mediterranean vegetation have been recovered. It includes some paths that are delimited with natural rock and a 1:1 scale replica of the wall of the Cueva de la Victoria, as well as several informative panels about the caves and the flora of the enclosure.
Apart from these places belonging to the natural environment of Rincón de la Victoria, there are other places that you can discover thanks to the different hiking routes that the municipality offers you.
One of these routes is the Arroyo Granadillas - Cerro La Capitana Trail SL-A 082, with a 17.2 km route, a low level of difficulty that can be done on foot, by bicycle or on horseback. The trail starts and ends in the Granadillas Stream, on its ascent and descent to Cerro La Capitana (Capitana Hill), 402 meters. It will allow you to enjoy wonderful views of the sea and its surroundings, as well as places of Mediterranean forest and abundant riverside vegetation along the Granadillas Stream.
Also from the Granadillas Stream starts the Arroyo Granadillas - Cerro Tío Cañas Trail SL-A 083, a circular route of 14.6 km, of a low level of difficulty and that can be done on foot, by bicycle or on horseback. The trail ascends to Cerro Tío Cañas (Tío Cañas Hill), 320 meters long, previously bordering Cerro Bonilla Alta (High Bonilla Hill) and, as in the previous trail, enjoying wonderful views of the sea, its surroundings and similar vegetation.
On the other hand, you will find the Cerro Benagalbón - Cerro Tío Cañas Trail SL-A 084, a linear route of 9 km, of a low level of difficulty and that can be done on foot, by bicycle or on horseback. On your tour you can enjoy the landscape and the variety of its vegetation.
Another route you can take is to the Hoya de Las Cabras Route, a forest botanical park of about 10,000 m2 located on the road that goes up to the Macharaviaya town, which shows native flora, and also has a rest area where you can enjoy wonderful views.
In addition, a corner of the Great Path of Málaga ends in Rincón de la Victoria and another begins. This is a path that borders the province of Málaga, connecting different municipalities through the coast and rural areas.
Apart from hiking routes, in Rincón de la Victoria you can do other types of sports such as golf, since it has the first golf course that was designed in La Axarquía region, Añoreta Golf. It has 18 holes and par 72, it also offers short play areas, a driving range, courses for adults and children, as well as a large area to play paddle tennis. Similarly, it has a club and service area.
Also, in the beautiful area of El Cantal Cliffs, you can go scuba diving, exploring numerous hollows, habitats of endemic species of the Mediterranean Sea. A few meters to the west is La Cala del Moral Reef, in its waters protected species such as the seahorse, among others, have been located. Both locations are included as “Hope Spot” or Alboran Sea Oceans Hope Place.
In addition, the municipality of Rincón de la Victoria is endowed with the following sports areas: Torre de Benagalbón Covered Municipal Pavilion, Rincón de la Victoria Municipal Sports Centre, "Los Rubios" paddle tennis courts and sports centre, "Rubén Ruzafa" Los Almendros paddle tennis courts and sports centre, Multipurpose Pavilion "Parque Victoria" La Cala del Moral, Football Pitch 7 "Rincón del Sol" Los Gallardos, Football Pitch Rincón de la Victoria, Football Pitch Benagalbón and Football Pitch La Cala del Moral.
At night there are different entertainment venues and, although there is no artisan tradition in the area, during the summer, along the promenade, you can buy all kinds of souvenirs offered by street vendors and most of them hand-made. Ceramic and wrought iron shops, especially designed for tourists, are also proliferating.
Rincón de la Victoria, including its population centres, has a fairly extensive calendar of parties and celebrations. A perfect opportunity for you to experience the culture and tradition of the municipality while having fun.
The first celebration that takes place in Rincón de la Victoria takes place in the population centre of Benagalbón, with the celebration of the Virgin of the Candlemas on February 2.
Also in Benagalbón the Benagalbón Cultural Week is celebrated at the end of April, with the programming of activities for a week, where the Paco Alonso Open Air Painting Contest stands out.
Already in Rincón de la Victoria town, the Tapa Festival takes place on the first weekend of May. The nights that this celebration lasts are accompanied by music and important performances for free.
To make way for summer, on the different beaches of the municipality the Saint John's Night is celebrated, but Torre de Benagalbón especially celebrates its Saint John Festivity. During this party, the beach is illuminated with numerous bonfires whose heat roasts the sardine spits. Also, as is tradition, after midnight, people bathe on the beach to purify the spirit and carry out their wishes until next year.
The first weekend of July La Cala del Moral celebrates its festivities with seine regattas. Regattas these recovered and that had great splendor in the 1920s. The seine is a type of artisanal boat manned by seven rowers and a helmsman, whose origin seems to be Phoenician. Rincón de la Victoria is one of the points of the coast where there were more seine.
In mid-July and specifically July 16 is the Virgin of Mount Carmel's Day, patron saint of fishermen. It is the main festival of Rincón de la Victoria and in it the sailors carry the Virgin of Mount Carmel on a small throne to the beach, where they carry her on their shoulders in the sea and embark her on a boat adorned with a multitude of flowers to continue the procession sailing through the sea until late at night. At the same time it is escorted by numerous boats, and fireworks are launched, and then continue with “moragas” on the beach.
There is a tradition that is maintained in the municipality is to remove the flake. It is carried out at sunrise, when a crew of sailors throws the net about 40 or 50 meters from the recess, pulling after it towards the beach with the "tralla" (rope with a cork knotted at its tip that the “marengos” they drag with the shoulder) caught in the "beta" (“maroma” that leaves the net towards the shore); once the network is close to the breakwater, the “marengos” surround the end of it and, with great skill, move the network until it is completely removed from the sea.
For four days the Comedy Festival is held in July, where plays of national success are performed and attracts hundreds of visitors.
In August, La Axarquía Gate Flamenco Festival is held on a Saturday, bringing together renowned figures of flamenco.
The month of September, full of celebrations, begins with the Festivities of Rincón de la Victoria around September 8. It continues on the third Saturday of September with the Traditional Verdiales Contest, a meeting of verdial pandas in Benagalbón, a festival full of folklore and tradition. And to finish the Festivities of Torre de Benagalbón are held in honor of Saint Michael.
Finally, around October 7 are the patron saint Festivities of La Cala del Moral with the celebration of the Virgin of the Rosary.
In the gastronomy of Rincón de la Victoria the freshness of fish is of great importance, among which the Victorian anchovy stands out.
Among the typical dishes of Rincón de la Victoria you can taste sardine spits, horse mackerel spits, the aforementioned Victorian anchovies, fish fry, fried goat, migas, maimon soup and grilled lamb. All this accompanied by a good muscat wine from the land.